Water rights are simply the legal right to use water. The land you purchase or own, may or may not have water rights attached to it. In the west there are primarily three systems of water law: 1) Riparian, 2) Prior Appropriation, and 3) Hybrid. The system used in each state varies and as a result, so does the actual usage included in water rights. As a landowner it is important to understand what water rights, if any, transfer in ownership and what those rights include. For more information on water rights, please refer to the additional resource links to the right.
Oil and Gas Interests
Mineral rights may or may not be included in the purchase of land. As a landowner it is important to understand the mineral rights included with the land you own or plan to purchase. If the land is owned in a split estate you must familiarize yourself with your rights and obligations as either the surface owner or the mineral rights owner. For more information please reference the additional resource links to the right.
Split estates can be further differentiated between oil/gas and minerals. A mineral interest is the right of the owner of that interest to exploit, mine, and/or produce any or all of the minerals lying below the surface of the property. The mineral estate of the land includes all organic and inorganic substances that form a part of the soil to the earth's core. Examples include but are not limited to coal, zinc, copper and gold. Exceptions sometimes include sand, gravel, limestone, and subsurface water—which are normally considered part of the surface estate. In some cases even sand/gravel and limestone are a separate and distinct interest in the land.