Heritage Orchard Programs in WY & MT
Posted on: Aug 12, 2017
Like many other fruit and vegetable crops, apples have experienced a severe loss of cultivar diversity over the last several decades. Of the 15,000 to 16,000 apple cultivars likely grown in North America, only about 20% of unique apple cultivars remain. Of the remaining, 81% are now “endangered” in the marketplace, with only one to three nurseries offering these cultivars for sale to growers.
Wyoming and Montana have a rich history of fruit production. When homesteaders moved west and settled their land, one of the first things they did was plant fruit trees. As land has changed hands, been divided, and developed, many of the orchards have been forgotten and neglected.
In Wyoming, one of the earliest recorded orchards was planted in 1870 near Lander. During its peak, the Ed Young orchard near Lander had more than 3,000 trees. Also near Lander, the State Experimental Fruit Farm boasted 1,700 trees and more than 170 cultivars.
Led by the University of Wyoming, the Wyoming Apple Project funded by Specialty Crops Program of the Wyoming Department of Agriculture aims to honor the history of the Ed Young orchard and others by finding and saving the diversity of apple cultivars in the state.
In Montana, Montana State University Extension is leading the charge to identify and preserve the heritage orchards that still exist through their Montana Heritage Orchard Program. The designation of Heritage Orchard gives landowners recognition, and helps preserve and propagate the unique fruit tree cultivars. For those interested, the program also fosters agro-tourism. Participation in agro-tourism efforts is not a requirement of the program.
For a location to be considered as a Backyard Heritage Orchard, there must be at least six living trees that are 50 years or older. Preference is given to locations that have more trees and are located in central or eastern Montana, at least initially. Orchards with at least ten live trees 50 years or older qualify as Farmstead Heritage Orchards.
Montana State University, University of Wyoming, and Canyon View Nursery in Corvallis are collaborating to identify fruits, catalog cultivars, preserve and grow historic orchards throughout Montana and Wyoming.
For a geographic inventory of the Montana orchards, check out the Montana Orchards Map.
If you think you may have a heritage orchard on your property or would like to learn more about the efforts to save and restore historic cultivars, contact the following people:
In Wyoming, Steve Miller (307)766-2834, email@example.com.
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